Automatic Chicken Rearing Equipment: Functions and Analysis

Maximizing Efficiency and Performance with Automatic Poultry farming equipment: A Comprehensive Analysis

Poultry farming equipment refers to the specialized machinery, tools, and internal facilities used in the production process of chicks, breeder chickens, broiler chickens, and laying hens. Poultry farming can be divided into two types: free-range and cage-reared (see Chicken). Specialized poultry farming includes breeder farms, layer farms, broiler farms, and so on. Poultry farming equipment includes heating equipment, ventilation equipment, water supply equipment, feeding equipment, egg collection equipment, manure removal equipment, cages, lighting equipment, etc.

Automatic Chicken Rearing Equipment: Functions and Analysis
  1. Heating Equipment
    As long as the goal of heating and insulation can be achieved, electric heating, hot water heating, coal stoves, and even heating beds such as fire beds and kang beds can be used. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that coal stoves are dirty and prone to gas poisoning and must have a chimney. When designing the poultry house, insulation and heat preservation should be considered.
  2. Ventilation Equipment
    Mechanical ventilation is necessary for closed poultry houses. According to the direction of the airflow inside the house, ventilation can be divided into horizontal and vertical ventilation. Horizontal ventilation refers to the direction of airflow inside the house perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chicken house. Vertical ventilation refers to the concentration of a large number of fans in one place, making the airflow inside the house parallel to the longitudinal axis of the chicken house. Research and practice since 1988 have shown that vertical ventilation is more effective and can eliminate and overcome the dead corners of ventilation and the phenomenon of small and uneven wind speeds in the house caused by horizontal ventilation, while eliminating the disadvantage of cross-infection between chicken houses caused by horizontal ventilation.
  3. Water Supply Equipment
    From the perspective of saving water and preventing bacterial contamination, nipple drinkers are the most ideal water supply equipment, and high-quality non-leaking drinkers must be selected. The V-shaped water trough is still the most commonly used water supply equipment for cage-reared broilers and laying hens, which provides continuous water supply, but the water trough needs to be cleaned every day. Hanging tower automatic drinkers can be used for raising chicks on the flat ground, which is both hygienic and water-saving.
  4. Feeding Equipment
    Feed troughs are mainly used, with long troughs for cage-reared chickens and hanging buckets for raising chicks on the flat ground. The shape of the feed trough has a great influence on the scattering of feed when chickens eat. If the feed trough is too shallow and has no guardrail, it will cause a lot of feed waste.
  5. Egg Collection Equipment
    Poultry farms with high degree of mechanization use conveyors for automatic egg collection, which has high efficiency but a high rate of breakage. Manual egg collection is usually used by small-scale farmers in October.
  6. Manure Removal Equipment
    Small-scale poultry farms usually use manual regular manure removal, while large-scale farms can use mechanical manure removal.
  7. Cages
    Wire mesh can be used for raising chicks, or a multi-layered three-dimensional brooding device can be used. For raising adult chickens, overlapped or stepped cages are commonly used, and farmers usually adopt direct conversion to laying hen cages at 60-70 days old. Laying hens are generally cage-reared, and there are many domestic manufacturers of chicken cages to choose from according to actual conditions.
  8. Lighting Equipment
    Ordinary light bulbs are commonly used for lighting in China. The trend is to use energy-saving lamps.
  9. Incubation equipment
    Refers to the items needed during the incubation process, including incubators, hatchery machines, incubator accessories, specialized items for hatchery rooms, heating equipment, humidification equipment, and various measuring systems, among others.
  10. Disinfection equipment
    Agricultural sprayers, air pumps, etc.
  11. Immune and treatment equipment
    Continuous injectors, vaccination needles, etc.
  12. Debeaking equipment
    Electric debeaking machines, electric branding irons, etc.
  13. Weighing equipment
    Spring scales, beam scales, electronic scales, etc.
Automatic Chicken Rearing Equipment: Functions and Analysis

To create a modern chicken farm, not only modern chicken farming equipment is necessary, but also modern farming concepts. Look for our “GREAT FARM” brand, which provides modern chicken farming equipment including heating, ventilation, water supply, feeding, egg collection, manure removal, cages, lighting and more. GREAT FARM also adheres to modern farming concepts, which include establishing good breeding awareness, valuing chick rearing equally, emphasizing daily management, strengthening disinfection, and valuing high-quality feed and reduced use of antibiotics.

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